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Journal of Chinese Society for Corrosion and protection  2016, Vol. 36 Issue (2): 130-136    DOI: 10.11902/1005.4537.2015.078
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Influence of Electroless Nickel Plating of SiC Particles on Interface Character and Corrosion Resistance of SiCp/Al Composites
Yang LIU,Xiaozhen HUA(),Jinhua HUANG,Xia CUI,Xianliang ZHOU,Yingwei YU
School of Material Science and Engineering, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063, China
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The interface character and corrosion resistance of SiCp/Al composites prepared with electroless nickel plated SiC particles were studied by means of XRD, SEM and EDS as well as polarization curve and electrochemical noise test. The results show that the nickel plating improves the wettability between SiC particles and aluminum matrix, increases the interface bonding strength and reduces the formation of Al4C3, the later is a detrimental product resulted by the interfacial reaction of SiC and the matrix. SiCp/Al composites made of non-modified SiC particles suffered from local corrosion during immersion in 3.5%NaCl solution for the first 2000 s, and then turn to uniform corrosion. However, SiCp/Al composites made of Ni-plated SiC particles suffered from local corrosion during the whole immersion test. In addition, the Ni-plated SiCp/Al composites exhibited much positive free corrosion potential and higher noise resistance, therefore, implying a better corrosion resistance.

Key words:  electroless nickel plating      SiCp/Al      interface      corrosion resistance     

Cite this article: 

Yang LIU,Xiaozhen HUA,Jinhua HUANG,Xia CUI,Xianliang ZHOU,Yingwei YU. Influence of Electroless Nickel Plating of SiC Particles on Interface Character and Corrosion Resistance of SiCp/Al Composites. Journal of Chinese Society for Corrosion and protection, 2016, 36(2): 130-136.

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Fig.1  SEM images of SiCp/Al composites with Ni plated (a) and un-plated (b) SiC particles
Fig.3  XRD patterns of SiCp/Al composites with Ni plated (a) and un-plated (b) SiC particles
Fig.2  SEM image (a), element line scannings (b) and only Ni line scanning (c) of SiCp/Al composites made by nickel modified SiCp
Fig.4  Polarization curves of SiCp/Al composites with Ni plated and un-plated SiC particles in 3.5%NaCl solution
Parameter bamVdec-1 bcmVdec-1 EcorrmV IcorrAcm-² Rp
Nickel modified 73.30 12.23 -716.78 -1.07×10-7 42.50
Non-modified 67.04 30.19 -742.39 -7.26×10-6 1.24
Table 1  Electrochemical parameters of polarization cur- ves of SiCp/Al composites with Ni plated and un-plated SiC particles in 3.5%NaCl solution
Fig.5  Potential and current noise time-domain spectra of SiCp/Al composites made by non-modified SiC particles after immersion in 3.5%NaCl solution for 0 s (a), 6144 s (b) and 10240 s (c)
Fig.6  Potential and current noise time-domain spectra of SiCp/Al composites made by nickel modified SiC particles after immersion in 3.5%NaCl solution for 0 s (a), 6144 s (b) and 10240 s (c)
Fig.7  PSD curves of the eletrochemical noise signals of SiCp/Al composites made by non-modified (a) and nickel modified (b) SiCp in 3.5%NaCl solution
Fig.8  Curves of pitting index vs immersion time
Fig.9  Curves of noise resistance vs immersion time
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