Please wait a minute...
中国腐蚀与防护学报  1983, Vol. 3 Issue (2): 85-96    
  研究报告 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
钢在浓盐酸中的腐蚀和某些缓蚀剂作用机理探讨
雷鸿毅;董元彦;王保成;杨文治
北京大学化学系;北京大学化学系;1980年毕业进修生;北京大学化学系;1981年毕业本科生;北京大学化学系
THE MECHANISM OF CORROSION AND INHIBITION OF STEEL IN CONCENTRATED HYDROCHLORIC ACID IN THE PRESENCE OF TMP-AND UINHIBITORS
Lei Hongyi Dong Yuanyan Wang Baocheng and Yang Wenzhi(Chemistry Department; Beijing University)
下载:  PDF(937KB) 
输出:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 用经典的恒电势极化曲线方法研究了25℃下,浓度高达12N的盐酸对于45钢的腐蚀以及在8.7N(~28%)HCl中不同浓度六次甲基四胺(U)和2.4.6-三甲基吡啶(TMP)单独或复合加入时的缓蚀作用。发现盐酸浓度在8.7N以上时,阴极极化曲线趋于重合,使腐蚀作用的增加趋势逐渐减缓。在8.7NHCl中U是强烈的阴极缓蚀剂,它的缓蚀作用比TMP高出许多,当两者复合使用时,TMP中杂质较少时只超加和作用,但杂质较多时能产生强烈的协合作用。本文用在Fe/高浓盐酸界面上H~+Cl~-_“分子”达到饱和吸附,U又较强地吸附在H~+Cl~-表面这一观点,对上述现象进行了定性的解释。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
雷鸿毅
董元彦
王保成
杨文治
Abstract: The corrosion behavior of YB45 steel (0.485%C; 0.59%Mn;0.28% Si;0.012% S and 0.02%P)in HC1 up to 12 N and the inhibiting effect of different concentrations of hexamethy-lenetetramine (U) and 2, 4, 6-trimethyl-pyridine (TMP) added singly and in combination to 8.7N HCl were studied by the classica potentiostatic polarization method at 25℃. For acid concentrations above 8.7N without inhibitors, the cathodic polarization curves nearly coincide so that corrosion rates increase less significantly with increasing acid concentrations. In 8.7N HCl,U is a strong cathodic inhibitor while TMP is far less efficient. When the two inhibitors are used in conjunction, only additive effect can be observed,but some impurities inTMP in appreciable amount will cause strong synergism.These phenomena are explained by saturated adsorption of H~+Cl~- "molecules" in concentrated HC1 and the further adsorption of U on H~+Cl~- layer at the Fe/solution interface.
收稿日期:  1983-04-25      修回日期:  1983-04-25           出版日期:  1983-04-25      发布日期:  2009-10-10      期的出版日期:  1983-04-25
引用本文:    
雷鸿毅;董元彦;王保成;杨文治. 钢在浓盐酸中的腐蚀和某些缓蚀剂作用机理探讨[J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 1983, 3(2): 85-96.
Lei Hongyi Dong Yuanyan Wang Baocheng and Yang Wenzhi(Chemistry Department; Beijing University). THE MECHANISM OF CORROSION AND INHIBITION OF STEEL IN CONCENTRATED HYDROCHLORIC ACID IN THE PRESENCE OF TMP-AND UINHIBITORS. J Chin Soc Corr Pro, 1983, 3(2): 85-96.
链接本文:  
http://www.jcscp.org/CN/  或          http://www.jcscp.org/CN/Y1983/V3/I2/85
[1] 陕西省化工设计院情报组,陕西化工, (1) ,1(1978)
[2] 杨文治,安瑞根,朴昌洁,李立平,周辉,关群,洪星,同上, (1) , 1(1982)
[3] R. C. Ayers, N. Hackerman, J. Electrochem. Soc., 110, 507(1963)
[4] 如G. Gardner, in "Corrosion Inhibitors" , C. Nathan. Ed., NACE , Houston 156 ( 1976 )
[5] E. McCafferty, N. Hackerman, J. Electrocem. Soc., 119( 8 ) , 999(1972)
[6] N. A. Darwish, F. Hilbert, W. J. Lorenz , H. Rosswag ,Electrochim. Acta , 18,421 ( 1973 )
[7] H. C. Kuo, K. Nobe, J. Electrochem. Soc., 125(6) , 853(1978)
[8] M. Stern, A. C. Makrides, ibid., 107(9) , 782(1960)
[9] 如B. B. Damaskin, O. A. Petrii, V. V. Batrokov, "Adsorption of Organic Compounds on Electrodes" Plenum, N. Y. Ch. 7,ξ6 (1971)
[10] E. Mor, V. Scotto, C. Wrubi, British Cor. J. , 7(6) , 276(1972)
[11] #12
[12] 陈敏,南楠,玻璃毛细管柱内表面粗糙化的一个改进,北京大学化学系分析教研室毕业论文, (1981)
No related articles found!
[1] Yanmin Gao; Jiajian Chen; Liangcai Lei. ADSRPTION OF ORGANIC MOLECULE ON METAL SURFACE AND MOLECULAR DESIGN OF ORGANIC INHIBITORS[J]. J Chin Soc Corr Pro, 2000, 20(3): 142 -148 .
[2] Shao Guangjie;Wang Yulin;Shen Dejiu;Yu Jinku. THE EFFECT OF RARE EARTH ADDITION TO Ni-P ALLOY PLATING BATH ON CORROSION RESISTANCE OF DEPOSITED LAYER[J]. J Chin Soc Corr Pro, 1996, 16(1): 73 -76 .
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed