Please wait a minute...
中国腐蚀与防护学报  2014, Vol. 34 Issue (1): 70-74    DOI: 10.11902/1005.4537.2013.119
  研究论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
Cu,P,Cr和Ni对低碳钢耐蚀性的影响
晁月林 周玉丽 邸全康 王立峰 程四华
首钢技术研究院 北京 100043
Effect of Micro-alloying Elements on Corrosion Resistance of Low Carbon Steels
CHAO Yuelin, ZHOU Yuli, DI Quankang, WANG Lifeng, CHENG Sihua
Shougang Research Institute of Technology, Beijing 100043, China
下载:  HTML  PDF(3154KB) 
输出:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 选择Cu-P-Cr-Ni钢、Cu-P-Cr钢和Q235碳钢,在0.01 mol/L的NaHSO3溶液中进行周期浸润、阻抗谱和极化曲线实验,研究了Cu-P-Cr-Ni系合金钢相比Q235碳钢在模拟工业大气 (SO2) 环境下的耐腐蚀性能;利用SEM, EPMA面扫描和XRD分析腐蚀锈层的形貌、组成及Cu,Cr和Ni的元素分布情况。结果表明:Cu-P-Cr-Ni系钢的腐蚀诱发敏感性最低,其次为Cu-P-Cr钢,腐蚀速率分别为Q235碳钢的59.5%和52.8%;锈层分为内、外两层,致密的内锈层明显发生Cu的颗粒状、Cr的团聚状富集,外锈层主要有Cr的富集,Ni富集不明显。Cu和Cr等的富集可形成致密的内锈层,提高低碳钢的耐蚀性。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
晁月林
周玉丽
邸全康
王立峰
程四华
关键词:  耐蚀钢  电子探针  Cu-P-Cr-Ni  周期浸润  碳钢    
Abstract: Corrosion behavior of Cu, P, Cr and Ni alloyed low carbon steels and plain carbon steels was examined by means of cyclic immersion corrosion test, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and polarization curve measurements with 1% (mass fraction) NaHSO3 solution. Corrosion resistance of Cu-P-Cr-Ni low carbon steels and Q235 carbon steel was also examined in SO2 atmosphere. Corrosion rust layers were analyses by SEM, EPMA and XRD. The results show that Cu-P-Cr-Ni steels exhibit weaker pitting susceptibility and lower pit propagation rate than carbon steel. The cyclic immersion corrosion rates were 59.5% and 52.8% of that of Q235 carbon steel for Cu-P-Cr-Ni and Cu-P-Cr steels respectively. Corrosion rust can be differentiated into inner layer and outer layer. Cu and Cr were concentrated in the inner layer and Cr enriched in the outer layer. The enrichment of Ni was not obvious. Thereby the corrosion resistance of low carbon steels was enhanced by the Cu and Cr-alloying.
Key words:  corrosion resistant steel    EPMA    Cu-P-Cr-Ni    cyclic immersion corrosion test    carbon steel
收稿日期:  2013-06-06                出版日期:  2014-02-20      发布日期:  2014-03-06      期的出版日期:  2014-02-20
ZTFLH:  TG174.2  
通讯作者:  晁月林,E-mail:chaogai813@126.com   
作者简介:  晁月林,男,1984年生,研究方向为耐蚀钢筋与高强钢筋的研发
引用本文:    
晁月林, 周玉丽, 邸全康, 王立峰, 程四华. Cu,P,Cr和Ni对低碳钢耐蚀性的影响[J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2014, 34(1): 70-74.
CHAO Yuelin,ZHOU Yuli,DI Quankang,WANG Lifeng,CHENG Sihua. Effect of Micro-alloying Elements on Corrosion Resistance of Low Carbon Steels. Journal of Chinese Society for Corrosion and protection, 2014, 34(1): 70-74.
链接本文:  
http://www.jcscp.org/CN/10.11902/1005.4537.2013.119  或          http://www.jcscp.org/CN/Y2014/V34/I1/70
[1] Ver R, Rosales B M, Tapia C. Effect of the exposure angle in the corrosion rate of plain carbon steel in a marine atmosphere [J]. Corros. Sci., 2003, 45(2): 321-337
Ver R, Rosales B M, Tapia C. Effect of the exposure angle in the corrosion rate of plain carbon steel in a marine atmosphere [J]. Corros. Sci., 2003, 45(2): 321-337
[2] Cox A, Lyon S B. An electrochemical study of the atmospheric corrosion of mild steel-I. experimental method [J]. Corros. Sci., 1994, 36(7): 1167-1176
Cox A, Lyon S B. An electrochemical study of the atmospheric corrosion of mild steel-I. experimental method [J]. Corros. Sci., 1994, 36(7): 1167-1176
[3] Wang Z Y, Zheng Y P, Liu S R. Behavior of atmospheric corrosion of carbon steel in artificially polluted media [J]. J. Chin. Soc. Corros. Prot., 1994, 14(3): 240-246(王振尧, 郑逸苹, 刘寿荣. Q235钢在人造污染介质中的大气腐蚀行为 [J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 1994, 14(3): 240-246)
Wang Z Y, Zheng Y P, Liu S R. Behavior of atmospheric corrosion of carbon steel in artificially polluted media [J]. J. Chin. Soc. Corros. Prot., 1994, 14(3): 240-246(王振尧, 郑逸苹, 刘寿荣. Q235钢在人造污染介质中的大气腐蚀行为 [J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 1994, 14(3): 240-246)
[4] An B G, Zhang X Y, Han E H, et al. The behavior of corrosion and runoff of A3 steel in artificial rainwater [J]. Acta Metall. Sin., 2002, 28(7): 755-759(安柏刚, 张学元, 韩恩厚等. A3钢在模拟降雨环境下的腐蚀和冲刷行为研究 [J]. 金属学报, 2002, 38(7): 755-759)
An B G, Zhang X Y, Han E H, et al. The behavior of corrosion and runoff of A3 steel in artificial rainwater [J]. Acta Metall. Sin., 2002, 28(7): 755-759(安柏刚, 张学元, 韩恩厚等. A3钢在模拟降雨环境下的腐蚀和冲刷行为研究 [J]. 金属学报, 2002, 38(7): 755-759)
[5] Bai X D. Corrosion and Control of Materials [M]. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 2005: 17-28(白新德. 材料的腐蚀与控制 [M]. 北京: 清华大学出版社, 2005: 17-28)
Bai X D. Corrosion and Control of Materials [M]. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 2005: 17-28(白新德. 材料的腐蚀与控制 [M]. 北京: 清华大学出版社, 2005: 17-28)
[6] Zuo Y, Xiong J P. Engineering Material and Its Corrosion Resistance[M]. Beijing: China Petrochemical Press, 2013(左禹, 熊金平. 工程材料及其耐蚀性 [M]. 北京: 中国石化出版社, 2013)
Zuo Y, Xiong J P. Engineering Material and Its Corrosion Resistance[M]. Beijing: China Petrochemical Press, 2013(左禹, 熊金平. 工程材料及其耐蚀性 [M]. 北京: 中国石化出版社, 2013)
[7] Yu J D, Wu Y L, Cui X L, et al. Mechanism of atmospheric corrosion resistance of 08CuPVRE steel [J]. J. Chin. Soc. Corros. Prot., 1994, 14(1): 82-86(于敬敦, 吴幼林, 崔秀玲等. 08CuPVRE钢耐蚀钢腐蚀机理 [J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 1994, 14(1): 82-86)
Yu J D, Wu Y L, Cui X L, et al. Mechanism of atmospheric corrosion resistance of 08CuPVRE steel [J]. J. Chin. Soc. Corros. Prot., 1994, 14(1): 82-86(于敬敦, 吴幼林, 崔秀玲等. 08CuPVRE钢耐蚀钢腐蚀机理 [J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 1994, 14(1): 82-86)
[8] Jia Z, Dai C S, Chen L. Electrochemical Measuring Method [M]. Beijing: Chemical Industry Press, 2006(贾铮, 戴长松, 陈玲. 电化学测量方法 [M]. 北京: 化学工业出版社, 2006)
Jia Z, Dai C S, Chen L. Electrochemical Measuring Method [M]. Beijing: Chemical Industry Press, 2006(贾铮, 戴长松, 陈玲. 电化学测量方法 [M]. 北京: 化学工业出版社, 2006)
[9] Yang W, Gu R X. Localized Corrosion of Metal [M]. Beijing: Chemical Industry Press, 1995(杨武, 顾瑞祥. 金属的局部腐蚀 [M]. 北京: 化学工业出版社, 1995)
Yang W, Gu R X. Localized Corrosion of Metal [M]. Beijing: Chemical Industry Press, 1995(杨武, 顾瑞祥. 金属的局部腐蚀 [M]. 北京: 化学工业出版社, 1995)
[10] Huang G Q. Effect of chromium element on corrosion resistance of steels in seawater [J]. Corros. Sci. Prot. Technol., 2002, 12(2): 86-89(黄桂桥. Cr对钢耐海水腐蚀性的影响 [J]. 腐蚀科学与防护技术, 2002, 12(2): 86-89)
Huang G Q. Effect of chromium element on corrosion resistance of steels in seawater [J]. Corros. Sci. Prot. Technol., 2002, 12(2): 86-89(黄桂桥. Cr对钢耐海水腐蚀性的影响 [J]. 腐蚀科学与防护技术, 2002, 12(2): 86-89)
[11] Li Q X, Wang Z Y, Han W, et al. Review of atmospheric corrosion of weathering and carbon steels [J]. J. Chin. Soc. Corros. Prot., 2009, 29(5): 394-400(李巧霞, 王振尧, 韩薇等. 碳钢和耐候钢的大气腐蚀 [J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2009, 29(5): 394-400)
Li Q X, Wang Z Y, Han W, et al. Review of atmospheric corrosion of weathering and carbon steels [J]. J. Chin. Soc. Corros. Prot., 2009, 29(5): 394-400(李巧霞, 王振尧, 韩薇等. 碳钢和耐候钢的大气腐蚀 [J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2009, 29(5): 394-400)
[12] Cao G L, Li G M, Chen S, et al. Mechanism on pitting corrosion resistance of Ni-Cu-P steels [J]. Mater. Eng., 2010, (8): 38-43(曹国良, 李国明, 陈珊等. Ni-Cu-P钢耐点蚀性能的机理研究 [J]. 材料工程, 2010, (8): 38-43)
Cao G L, Li G M, Chen S, et al. Mechanism on pitting corrosion resistance of Ni-Cu-P steels [J]. Mater. Eng., 2010, (8): 38-43(曹国良, 李国明, 陈珊等. Ni-Cu-P钢耐点蚀性能的机理研究 [J]. 材料工程, 2010, (8): 38-43)
[13] Huang J Z, Zuo Y. The Corrosion Resistance and the Corrosion Data of Materials [M]. Beijing: Chemical Industry Press, 2003(黄健中, 左禹. 材料的耐蚀性和腐蚀数据 [M]. 北京: 化学工业出版社, 2003)
Huang J Z, Zuo Y. The Corrosion Resistance and the Corrosion Data of Materials [M]. Beijing: Chemical Industry Press, 2003(黄健中, 左禹. 材料的耐蚀性和腐蚀数据 [M]. 北京: 化学工业出版社, 2003)
[14] Yan J, Xiong C Q. A study of the atmospheric corrosion behavior of low alloy steels containing copper [J]. J. Chin. Soc. Corros. Prot., 1986, 6(1): 1-14(严谨, 熊长清. 含铜低合金钢耐大气腐蚀性能研究—十五年大气曝露试验总结 [J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 1986, 6(1): 1-14
Yan J, Xiong C Q. A study of the atmospheric corrosion behavior of low alloy steels containing copper [J]. J. Chin. Soc. Corros. Prot., 1986, 6(1): 1-14(严谨, 熊长清. 含铜低合金钢耐大气腐蚀性能研究—十五年大气曝露试验总结 [J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 1986, 6(1): 1-14
[15] Graedel T E, Frankenthal R P. Corrosion mechanisms for iron and low alloy steels exposed to theatmosphere [J]. J. Electrochem. Soc., 1990, 137(8): 2385-2394
Graedel T E, Frankenthal R P. Corrosion mechanisms for iron and low alloy steels exposed to theatmosphere [J]. J. Electrochem. Soc., 1990, 137(8): 2385-2394
[16] Yamashita M, Asami K, Ishikawa T, et al. Characterization of rust layer on weathering steel exposed to the atmosphere for 17 years[J]. ZairyoKankyo, 2001, 50(11): 521-530
Yamashita M, Asami K, Ishikawa T, et al. Characterization of rust layer on weathering steel exposed to the atmosphere for 17 years[J]. ZairyoKankyo, 2001, 50(11): 521-530
[17] Leygraf C, Graedel T E, translated by Han E-H, et al. Atmospheric Corrosion [M]. Beijing: Chemical Industry Press, 2005: 225-228(Leygraf C, Graedel T E著, 韩恩厚等译. 大气腐蚀 [M]. 北京: 化学工业出版社, 2005: 225-228)
Leygraf C, Graedel T E, translated by Han E-H, et al. Atmospheric Corrosion [M]. Beijing: Chemical Industry Press, 2005: 225-228(Leygraf C, Graedel T E著, 韩恩厚等译. 大气腐蚀 [M]. 北京: 化学工业出版社, 2005: 225-228)
[1] 孙霜青,郑弃非,李春玲,王秀民,胡松青. 腐蚀产物对纯Al 8A06长期大气腐蚀行为影响的研究[J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2017, 37(2): 110-116.
[2] 程庆利,陶彬,刘栓,刘全桢,张卫华,田松柏,王立平. 原油沉积水对Q235B碳钢的腐蚀影响[J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2017, 37(2): 126-134.
[3] 郝永胜,Luqman Abdullahi SANI,宋立新,徐国宝,葛铁军,方庆红. 中性和酸性溶液中Q235碳钢表面沉积植酸转化膜的耐蚀行为研究[J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2016, 36(6): 549-558.
[4] 王吉会,闫华杰,胡文彬. 钼酸盐插层锌铝铈水滑石的制备与缓蚀性能研究[J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2016, 36(6): 637-644.
[5] 刘宏伟,熊福平,吕亚林,葛承宣,刘宏芳,胡裕龙. 动态条件下十二胺对Q235碳钢CO2腐蚀的缓蚀行为研究[J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2016, 36(6): 645-651.
[6] 王春霞,陈敬平,张晓红,王赪胤. 溴化N-辛烷异喹啉在盐酸溶液中对Q235碳钢的缓蚀行为[J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2016, 36(3): 245-252.
[7] 肖涛,Masoumeh Moradi,宋振纶,杨丽景,闫涛,侯利锋. 新喀里多尼亚弧菌胞外聚合物对硫酸中Q235碳钢的缓蚀作用[J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2016, 36(2): 150-156.
[8] 刘世念,王成,邓纪伦,李锡,朱圣龙,王福会. 接地网用导电防腐蚀涂层研究[J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2015, 35(6): 510-518.
[9] 汪江伟,张杰,陈守刚,段继周,侯保荣. 钙质层对Q235碳钢在含双眉藻f/2培养基中腐蚀行为的影响[J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2015, 35(6): 535-542.
[10] 王玉娜, 聂凯斌, 杨冬, 姚隽旸, 董万田, 廖强强. 模拟海水淡化一级反渗透产水中咪唑啉缓蚀剂对20#碳钢的缓蚀行为[J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2015, 35(5): 407-414.
[11] 张建春, 麻晗, 左龙飞, 李阳. 耐蚀钢筋20MnSiCrV在氯盐环境下的腐蚀行为[J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2015, 35(5): 461-466.
[12] 张玉成,鞠新华,庞晓露,高克玮. O2浓度对钢在超临界CO2中腐蚀速率的影响[J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2015, 35(3): 220-226.
[13] 曾宪光,郑兴文,龚敏,范金龙,陈雪丹. 碳钢和镀锌钢在都江堰大气环境中的腐蚀行为研究[J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2015, 35(3): 271-278.
[14] 吴军, 王秀静, 罗睿, 张三平, 周建龙. 环境变迁对Q235和09CuPCrNi-A钢早期腐蚀行为的影响[J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2014, 34(5): 465-471.
[15] 邱景, 杜敏, 陆原, 张颖, 郭海军, 李成杰. X65碳钢在模拟油田采出水中的阴极保护研究[J]. 中国腐蚀与防护学报, 2014, 34(4): 333-338.
[1] Wei Ke. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FOR CORROSION DAMAGE CASE ANALYSIS AND EXPERT SYSTEM[J]. J Chin Soc Corr Pro, 2004, 24(2): 105 -107 .
[2] Jing Xv. Hdrogen-Attacked Crack Healing with Recovering heat Treatment of Dissected-Specimen in Vacuum Environment[J]. J Chin Soc Corr Pro, 2004, 24(4): 198 -202 .
[3] Xueyuan Zhang; Gan Yu; Enhou Han. THE INHIBITION MECHANISM OF CYCLOHEXYLAMMONIUM TYPES OF INHIBITORS ON THECORROSION OF ZINC UNDER THIN ELECTROLYTE[J]. J Chin Soc Corr Pro, 2003, 23(3): 175 -178 .
[4] YANG Chang-jiang. PROGRESS OF SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS IN METAL CORROSION PREVENTION[J]. J Chin Soc Corr Pro, 2007, 27(5): 315 -320 .
[5] Feng Lu; Xiaoyun Zhang; Zhihui Tang; Ming Liu. GALVANIC CORROSION BEHAVIOR BETWEEN CARBON FIBER REINFORCED PLASTIC MATERIALS AND ALUMINUM ALLOYS[J]. J Chin Soc Corr Pro, 2005, 25(1): 39 -43 .
[6] Guoan Zhang; Changfeng Chen; Minxv Lu; Yinshun Wu. PREDICTION MODELS FOR CO2 CORROSION OF OIL AND GAS FIELDS[J]. J Chin Soc Corr Pro, 2005, 25(2): 119 -123 .
[7] . THE ANTIOXIDATION PROPERTIES OF DIFFUSION LAYERON 1Cr18Ni9Ti STEEL WITH HOT DIP ALUMINIZING[J]. J Chin Soc Corr Pro, 2001, 21(4): 210 -314 .
[8] Junwei Wu; Ming Li; Xiaogang Li. ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK(ANN) ANALYSIS ON CARBON IOXIDE CORROSION[J]. J Chin Soc Corr Pro, 2003, 23(1): 26 -29 .
[9] Hongwei Huo; Ying Li; Fuhui Wang. ELECTROLESS NICKEL PLATING ON AZ91D MAGNESIUM ALLOY[J]. J Chin Soc Corr Pro, 2002, 22(1): 14 -17 .
[10] Fuhe Yuan; Xiaofeng Sun; Hengrong Guan. CYCLIC OXIDATION BEHAVIOR OF A COBALT-BASE SUPERALLOY[J]. J Chin Soc Corr Pro, 2002, 22(2): 115 -117 .
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed